The 100th anniversary of Lithuania - in the exhibits of the Railway Museum
The virtual exhibition of the railway museum consists of exhibits portraying the history of lithuanian railways. One of the most important exhibits of the railways of restored Lithuania is the seal of Kaunas’ central railway workshops, dating back to 1919-1940. All of Lithuania’s engines and carriages used tobe repaired the central workshops. Also, the collection presents hats and other distinctive signs worn by the employees of Lithuanian railways during interwar period. One of the most significant symbols of railways is the engine. This collection features two engines of different historical epochs.The collection has a unique exhibit - a water supply steam pump that was used at the Baisogala Railway Station's water pump station for many years: it supplied water to the water tower, a hydraulic column, from which the steam locomotives filled water containers. Railways are roads that consist not only of rails, but also many other different parts. Some of them are presented in this exhibition: the bolt, the main function of which is to keep the rail in track, also fishplate which connects the ends of rails. At all times,
the railway was taken care of by the railway workers. They used specific tools, some of which can bee seen at the exhibition. It is a bolt puller, level, stepped block of wood. Another specific tool – wheel stop – was used to slow down moving carriages or to anchor the ones that are in standing position. The wheel stop is positioned under the wagon wheel onto the railhead. The sealing of freight wagons transported by railways is one of the oldest methods to ensure safe transportation of goods to the place of destination. A seal is a safety mark made of lead, which is mounted on the wagon's door. It indicates the name of the railway company and the station where the seal was affixed, the date, a control mark and a number. In the virtual exhibition seals of the inter-war Lithuanian railway
stations (Gustonys, Kėdainiai and Pagėgiai) are presented. A kerosene handlamp is an important visual signaling tool. Station bell – a sound signaling tool for railways used to regulate the locomotion of trains in stations. The bell was usually affixed to the station building close to the work premises of the station manager or a watchman. The station bells were also rung in case of an accident or fire in the station.
All exhibits presented here make only a small part of Lithuanian railway history.
The exhibition was prepared in the framework of the project „Centennial of Lithuania in the exhibits of Lithuanian museums”, which is supported by the Lithuanian Council for Culture and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania. The project is dedicated to commemorate and celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Restoration of the Lithuanian state.