Lithuania during World War I in the Iconography Collection of Aleksandras Tiškevičius
At the beginning of World War I Tsarist Russian army suffered defeat and in the spring of 1915 military troops of German Empire entered territory of present day Lithuania and occupied the country. War correspondents and scouts-photographers took pictures of core events: German military entrance, troop’s weekdays, everyday life of Lithuania towns and villages.
Many of those pictures (from 1915-1916) were published as postcards in Germany. In the period of 1915-1918, collection of such postcards and pictures was gathered by German military garrison officers who had established their military headquarter in Kretinga manor house. In November, 1918, German troops retreated from Kretinga, leaving behind valuable collection which was taken over by manor house holder Aleksandras Tiškevičius returning from Petrograd. In coming years this collection was a part of his family archives. In 1940 it was transferred to the museum of Kretinga, digitized in 2014 and displayed in the portal Lithuanian Integral Museum Information system (www.limis.lt).
Virtual exhibition ‘Lithuania during World War I in the Iconography Collection of Aleksandras Tiškevičius’ reveals everyday life of Vilnius, Kaunas, Šiauliai, Švenčionys, Joniškis, Kalvarija, Marijampolė and some other Lithuanian towns during World War I. These rare postcards were published by Kahan & Co, Pudel, H. Wolff (Berlin), G. Stilke (Berlin, Hamburg), Knackstedt & Co (Hamburg), brothers Hochland, F. Krauskopf (Konigsberg), E. Pawlowski (Tilsit), A. Ratz (Kaunas) publishing and printing houses.